|History Of The Ankara Medical Faculty|
When the number of students applying to enter the Medical School of Istanbul University exceeded a certain level, opening a new Medical School became inevitable. In accordance with a new law passed in 1937, preparations were initiated. But because of World War II these attempts had to be delayed until the end of the war.
In 1945 preparations were resumed, resulting in a new School of Medicine offering medical education in Ankara. The Faculty of Medicine joined Ankara University in 1946 like the other previously established higher education institutions.
The Faculty of Medicine with its dynamic nucleus, rapidly developed and turned into one of the best organized faculties in the country and became a leading institute both in education of medical staff and in providing efficient health services for the public. This faculty has also made valuable contributions to medical research and acquired a certain place among leading research institutions.
At present, the Faculty of Medicine has various applied research hospitals and outpatient services in addition to other research and teaching facilities. One of the hospitals is named after the well known Turkish physician and scientists IBN-I SINA (Avicenna). Total bed capacity of the hospitals connected with the Faculty of Medicine is 2000. 400000 and 30000 emergency cases are admitted in addition to about 15000 surgical operations per annum.
Especially, IBN-I SINA Hospital equipped with contemporary technology, facilitates all complicated medical treatment including transplants. Surgical operation are observed by the students through audiovisual systems.
At present, a number of branches functioning in the Faculty of Medicine offer the students and researchers valuable opportunities with a library of 50000 books and 140 different periodicals, numerous research centers and units, various laboratories, a 1500 seat conference hall, visual education center and other support units. Among the research and teaching laboratories, animal experiment center, microbiology, parasitology, hematology, pathology, respiration, blood and biochemistry, angiocardiography, nuclear medicine and radiobiological laboratories, AIDS, endoscopy, immune electrophoresis laboratories are worth mentioning. A Cobalt 60 radiation center which happens to be the only one in Ankara, Behcet's disease center, acupuncture and migraine relief and treatment center, psychiatric group therapy and rehabilitation centers in addition to various units attached to the hospital and outpatient services, make the Faculty of Medicine one of the leading health institutions in the Middle and Near East Region. Present academic staff of the Faculty consists of 188 full professors, 59 associate professors, 41 assistant professors, 415 research and teaching assistants, 13 instructors and 20 specialists.
Medical education at the Faculty of Medicine is performed in three stages. The first stage, named :Basic Medical Sciences" covers the first 2 years (4 terms) and the students who fulfill all the requirements and succeed in the examinations are awarded a "Pre-License Degree in Medical Sciences". The courses offered during this period concentrate on Biostatistics, Physics, Medical Biology and Genetics, Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, Behavioral Science, Deontology, Computer, Anatomy, Histology, Embryology, Physiology, Biophysics, Basic Microbiology and Parasitology.
The second stage that covers the following 3 years (6 terms) is named the "Graduate Period in Clinical Sciences". The students have to take the number of courses offered by all clinics. The courses are designed to provide both theoretical and practical clinical approaches/ The students who pass the examinations of the courses at this stage are awarded a "Graduate Degree in Clinical Sciences" and they are nominated as "Family Physicians" for the sixth year.
The third stage consists of practical work carried out at 7 different clinics to cover a period of 12 months. The interns who complete all clinical work and studies are awarded a "M. D. Degree".
The Faculty of Medicine offers further degrees and academic careers for the graduates who hold an M. D. degree. The candidates who want to become specialists in a certain field of medicine have to pass the compulsory examinations first, in order to be accepted by certain departments and institutes. The duration of these studies depends on the efforts of the candidate and the characteristics of the specific field they select.
The Faculty of Medicine offers specialization programs in every Major and Minor combined under the above departments.
Six recently established applied research center, namely; Cardiology, Pediatric Hematology-Oncology Education-Rehabilitation, Psychiatric Crisis, Oncology and Gastroenterology deal with actual problems in close cooperation with the related departments.